Pronghorn Antelope Facts
One of the incredible things about Montana ranches is the vast species of wildlife you get to see. One of the most intriguing animals is the Pronghorn Antelope. I drive through a lot of Montana ranches in my job and I would say the animal I see the most is the antelope.
Funny thing is, they aren’t actually an antelope. Their closest cousin is the giraffe! The pronghorns have nearly 360 degree vision. This way they can see predators trying to sneak up on them from any direction.
The pronghorn is the fastest mammal in the Western Hemisphere. They have been clocked up to 60 mph. Most the time when you have an animal that shows that high of a top speed, they have little endurance. Not the case with the pronghorn. Though they can’t run 60 mph, they can run great distances at higher speeds than most predators. They are able to do this due to large lungs, tracheae, heart and small digestive tract.
Another interesting fact about the pronghorn is you don’t just find them on Montana ranches. Their territory runs all the way from Mexico into Canada! So you are looking at an animal that survives well in temperatures ranging from -30 to 110 Fahrenheit.
Pronghorns have an interesting color palette. Tannish with white stomachs, rumps and throats. They sport forked horns that both males and females grow. The pronghorns have the only horns that shed annually and can grow up to 19” length although a 14” male is considered a trophy.
Males are called bucks and females are called does. The pronghorn life span is up to 10-12 years and will weigh up to 140+ lbs. During mating season the bucks will gather females in a harem very similar to elk. The bucks do a lot of running around and will defend their harem against other bucks trying to steal their does. This can lead to fights where the bucks use their forked horns to battle and can cause great injury with the forked horns. It is quite entertaining to be on a Montana ranch or public land during rut.
In the 1920s, the pronghorn population nationwide had dropped to the point that there were 13,000. There was a real danger that the pronghorn could become extinct. The federal government stepped in and over the next several decades the population steadily grew. Today, the count is estimated somewhere between 700,000 to one million antelope.
They are quite active animals. This is one reason it is believed that the first time does have only one baby. After the first birth it is more likely that they will birth two. The babies can outrun a human within 72 hours and steadily grow faster quickly to where they can outrun predators at a very early age.
They also still have one of the longest migrations of any North American animals. Herds of antelopes make a 150 mile migration. This just doesn’t happen for very many animals in the United States anymore.
So, next time you are driving in Montana and look out on the open grass of Montana ranches or public land and see a herd of pronghorns try and take in the very unique creature and realize they can run almost as fast as you are driving!
If you want to learn more about pronghorns check these sources:
The Pronghorn is also a prized trophy animal. As previously stated, Antelope horns above 14″ are considered a trophy animal. Personally, I haven’t been fortunate enough to harvest that large of a pronghorn, but look forward to that day. For more information about hunting Pronghorns on Montana ranches and public land, visit the Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks website.
If you enjoyed this article you might try to read about the Montana Elk Rut or about Hunting land for sale in Montana and make sure and sign up to get the latest inside information and blog posts on Montana ranches for sale at our Facebook page or Contact Us page.
Buzz Tatom is a ranch owner and has built, run and sold numerous businesses in his career. This gives him a unique background in helping Montana farmers and ranchers navigate the life decisions that we all have to face. Whether it is passing the ranch on to the next generation or planning for eventual sale, his talents and contacts help save clients money and navigate complicated transactions.
He still owns the 5T Ranch in Texas but now calls Big Sky, MT home. His background in Texas included finding run down ranches and rehabilitating them into show place properties. From building lakes, stocking fish, to managing for wildlife he has a proven record of increasing values of properties that have given families great memories and returns.
His successful business background allows him to have good knowledge in contracts, dealing with people and has a wide variance of knowledge from his experience in dealing with oil and gas companies on his properties to manufacturing background to knowing who to call to get answers.
He has a BBA from Texas Tech University and got his MBA from Southern Methodist University. While at Texas Tech, he played football and was a 3 year starter as a Tight End. He bought into a Printing company at the age of 24 and grew it ten fold by the time it was sold in 2011.
Buzz teaches part time at Montana State University and loves mentoring students. He has been married to the love of his life, Kathy Tatom, for 25 years and has one son(Tate) and 2 daughters(Sayler and Emmy).
His hobbies include hunting, fly fishing, improving the 5T and following his son Tate in his golf career at the Air Force Academy. His life is divided between family, volunteering, teaching part time at MSU and Church.